Upland is a city in San Bernardino County, California, in the United States. The municipality is located at an elevation of 1,242 feet (379 m). As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 73,732, up from 68,393 at the 2000 census. It was incorporated on May 15, 1906, after previously being named North Ontario.
The climate of Upland is semi-arid, with very hot summers and warm winters. Santa Ana Winds hit the area frequently in autumn and winter. Extremes range from 114 °F (46 °C) down to 25 °F (-4 °C). Upland has a hot-summer.
Upland is located at the foot of the highest part of the San Gabriel Mountains. The city is part of the Inland Empire, a metropolitan area situated directly east oUpland originally was an irrigation colony established by George and William Chaffey. When founded, it was a small rural town based on agriculture, tree-lined median of Euclid Avenue formerly connected Upland to the Southern Pacific Railroad line in Ontario. A trolley was pulled from Ontario to Upland by a mule.
From the time of the Anza expedition until the Mexican Rancho Period, the land around Upland was used as grazing land by the San Gabriel Mission. Under mission rule, cattle ranching became a major industry. The rangy cattle thrived and bred rapidly in the benign climate, and thousands of cattle wandered across the Cucamonga Rancho.
The present-day city of Upland was the originally northern part of Chaffee's Ontario Model Colony, and was known as "North Upland" or "Magnolia" after a local hotel. The name Upland was first used as the name of the "Upland Citrus Association." However, by 1902, the name "Upland" was used to refer to the entire area of North Ontario.
In 1911, the citizens of Upland created a volunteer fire department with F.H. Manker named as the Fire Chief. The first recorded piece of apparatus was a hose cart that was pulled by the first available personnel.
Upland was one of the cities located on the National Old Trails Road, established in 1912 as the first national coast-to-coast highway. In Upland, the national highway ran along Foothill Boulevard, which had been built on the route established by the early Spanish explorers. In 1926, a hundred years after Jedediah Smith's expedition, the western part of the National Old Trails Road became part of the famed Route 66.
The city of Upland has 10 elementary, 2 junior and one high school the city also has a technical and adult educational campus. The city has many recreational facilities including a golf course, skate park, rock climbing facility and three public parks.